Under the haze, no one can be self-improvement

2022-07-22
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Do you still remember Chai Jing's smog investigation documentary "under the dome" in early 2016? The video arouses the public's attention to environmental protection in an easy to understand style. It was the beginning of winter yesterday, and the heating season began again. Today's major news headlines saw the report that "the highest PM2.5 in Shenyang exceeded 1400". Now haze is a "public topic" that everyone cares about. Environmental issues are closely related to everyone. How much do you know about haze? How can we reduce the harm of haze to the body

do you still remember Chai Jing's smog investigation documentary "under the dome" in early 2015? The video arouses the public's attention to environmental protection in an easy to understand style. It was the beginning of winter yesterday, and the heating season began again. Today's major news headlines saw “ Shenyang PM2.5 exceeded 1400 ” Reports of. Now haze is a concern of everyone “ Public topics ”, Environmental issues are closely related to everyone, so how much do you know about smog? How can we reduce the harm of haze to the body

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1 Why does lung cancer increase, and what is the connection between lung cancer and haze

there are a lot of harmful and toxic substances in haze, which leads to the increase of lung cancer, which tells us two things. First, haze has great damage to our bodies; Second, smog is closely related to everyone

2 so how is haze caused

① fossil fuel emissions, mainly coal

② automobile exhaust, aircraft emissions, landing cargo ships

③ oil and gas emissions from the catering industry

④ dust on the construction site

⑤ what are other

3 environmental departments doing

the environmental department inspected the vehicles entering the city and found that the vehicles with excessive emissions had qualified procedures, and the oil and gas purification equipment was not installed, because the vehicles purchased by the drivers had obtained qualified procedures in violation of regulations. It is difficult to punish

Hebei Province is the most polluted and burning the most coal. It is also an important input source of haze in Beijing. The economy is heavily dependent on the steel industry. Even if there is already excess capacity, many unlicensed enterprises are broken, and the environmental protection department cannot enforce the law, because it is related to the employment of 100000 people. The Environmental Protection Bureau eats the food of the local government and dare not smash the local government's rice bowl

the Environmental Protection Bureau lacks the practical support of justice and administration, and has no law enforcement ability. The relatively strong government and large enterprises appear powerless

4. What are the main reasons for haze

first of all, China's gasoline standards are far lower than international standards, so why not specify a higher standard? Because the standard setting committee is composed of petrochemical enterprises, raising standards means increasing costs, and they will not dismantle their own platforms. Then, China's coal consumption exceeds that of other countries in the world combined. If high-quality coal is insufficient, low-quality coal, such as lignite, is used. On the first day of heating in Harbin, the air quality exploded because a large amount of lignite was burned. Lignite is not unusable. Germany also uses lignite, but it will wash coal to turn it into clean energy, but China has not done so, and only a small part has been cleaned

5. What are the deep-seated reasons for haze

is the contradiction between the requirements of China's rapid economic growth and urbanization process and the increasing environmental pollution. It is the contradiction between the imminent reform of the energy structure and the monopoly of the energy industry

6. How to solve the haze problem

① change the energy structure with coal as the main body, enter the long overdue oil and gas era, open the energy market, and change the monopoly situation of PetroChina and Sinopec

② improve the national standards for gasoline and diesel, severely punish the factories, enterprises and individuals that do not meet the standards, and strengthen the implementation

③ learn advanced experience from abroad, transform units with excessive emissions, use technical means to solve pollution emissions from the source, and the state subsidizes cleaning equipment, and all departments should cooperate to provide supervision and inspection

7. Can the haze problem be solved in a short time

yes, it took Britain 50 years, but emissions fell by 80% in the first 10 years

the initial transformation of the United States also encountered many obstacles, but they were overcome

in the end, they all got the blue sky

8. Will the governance of smog cause China's economy to slow down and the unemployment rate to rise

no, the past experience of British virtue and other countries tells us that only by allowing the market to participate, the survival of the fittest, clean energy will eventually replace polluting energy, and the disappearance of an industry will lead to the rise of an industry

9. What does haze have to do with us

only when each of us attaches importance to haze, makes our voice, resists the harm of haze to us, and starts from ourselves to reduce the emission of air pollution, can we encourage and promote the government to control air pollution. Everyone for me, I for everyone

10. Where should we report pollution problems

environmental protection hotline 12369

editor's note: please read the haze days, environmental protection, decoration, building materials, environmental protection first

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