Attention should be paid to the protection of indu

2022-07-26
  • Detail

Attention should be paid to the protection of "industrial heritage" at the original site of Changsha heavy machinery plant. The protection of "industrial heritage" at the original site of Changsha heavy machinery plant should pay attention to the information on China's construction machinery. Guide: No. 56, Section 1 of the East Second Ring Road, passing through the gate of Changsha heavy machinery plant, a large ochre plant lies quietly under the French Wutong tree with bare leaves. The winter sun shines in from the huge ventilation skylight and projects on the mottled red brick wall. Walk 5 minutes to the south from this factory, you can see a

No. 56, Section 1 of the East Second Ring Road, passes through the gate of Changsha heavy machinery factory. A large ochre red factory building lies quietly under the French Wutong tree. The winter sun shines in from the huge ventilation skylight and projects on the mottled red brick wall. Walking 5 minutes to the south from this factory, you can see a three-story tube shaped building with the same ancient outer wall, red walls and red tiles, just like the small Western-style building commonly seen in Soviet films

these two seemingly dilapidated buildings are silently replaying the dusty history of Changsha's industrial development. They were all built in 1958 and were listed as general immovable cultural relics in Changsha in the third national cultural relics survey. It is noteworthy that the long-term heavy shed renovation project has been fully launched. Faced with shed renovation and demolition, what is the fate of these two "post-50s" old buildings? Yesterday, it was learned from the headquarters of the changchong shed renovation project in Yuhua District that these two listed cultural relics will not be removed, but will be protected by the original site. "This kind of industrial heritage is also the memory of a city, which should be consciously protected!" Liu Su, a well-known expert in architectural history and ancient building protection design and professor of the school of architecture of Hunan University, pointed out that compared with historical sites, industrial heritage cultural relics are rare in Changsha and should be paid attention to and protected

"post-50s" old factory buildings used to be the wild monkeys' paradise

the two buildings listed as general immovable cultural relics in Changsha, one is the workshop of the supply department of Changsha heavy machinery factory, and the other is the staff building of the factory. For these two "post-50s" old buildings, the old workers of Changsha heavy machinery factory treat their relatives as if they were their own family members, and tell their stories like a treasure

"although in the past 55 years, the plant has been very solid, and the construction quality is too good to say!" Yumeizhong, a 68 year old man, joined Changsha heavy machinery factory in 1963. At that time, it was only five years since the workshop of the supply department was built. The factory was as beautiful as a palace. He proudly said that although the exterior walls of the plant were not so bright and the windows were damaged, the beams and walls were as strong as ever, which showed the good quality of the building at that time. When he worked in this workshop, it was a wood mold processing workshop. At that time, the heavy machinery and equipment produced by the factory were famous all over the country, and the product models came from this workshop

interestingly, when people talk about the workshop, they always think of cold machines, but this large workshop has an unknown "wild interest". "From the time I came to work in the factory to the end of the last century, this factory was once a paradise for monkeys." Wanglingling, a retired worker, has worked for 36 years. When she entered the factory in the 1970s, the factory had become a warehouse for the supply department. She recalled that at that time, the factory was located in a remote place, and the greening ecological environment was quite good, which actually attracted a large group of wild monkeys to live in. Since the warehouse is connected to the railway, there are often trains to transport apples, peanuts and other food. After monkeys steal food from the station, they often hide in the warehouse and enjoy it. "We worked in the warehouse, and the monkeys ate on the beam, but they were all right." Wanglingling said

experts appeal that industrial heritage is also a valuable asset

according to the data provided by the new Bureau of culture and sports of Yuhua District, the workshop of the supply department of Changsha heavy machinery factory is a prefabricated reinforced concrete bent structure with multiple spans and single storey plants of different heights. The plant is located in the northeast corner of the plant, 126 meters long and 36 meters wide, with a rectangular plane. The wall is made of red bricks, the roof is covered with red tiles, and a north-south daylight and ventilation skylight is set in the middle. Four doors are opened in the South and north directions of the plant, the westernmost door in the north direction has been closed with bricks, and the easternmost door has a rail directly connected to the plant; Three doors are opened in the East and west directions respectively. Except that the three doors in the east direction are original wooden doors, the other eleven doors are iron doors. At the scene, we can see that two rusty railway tracks extend into the plant from the East. Although there are no trains in and out, standing in this empty workshop like the great hall, we can still imagine the busy scene of the whistle and the rumbling of machines in those years

the other staff building is a brick concrete structure building, but the quality is not equal to the brand building. The building is a three story tube shaped building. In the early days, it was a single dormitory, about 70 meters long and 12 meters wide, covering an area of 840 square meters. The plane is rectangular, with red brick movable platform exterior wall and Xieshan roof red tile. Build oil splashes or dusty places Places with falling steam or corrosive gas shall be set outside the house, and places exposed to direct sunlight for a long time shall be connected from east to west. Doors shall be opened on the west side, three stairs shall be set in the center and both sides of the floor, and toilets and lavatories shall be placed in the center. There are four families in one unit, sharing one toilet and washroom. These two buildings provide valuable material for the study of Changsha's industrial development and changes and Changsha's architectural forms in the early days of the founding of new China

"compared with historical sites, cultural relics of industrial heritage are easier to be ignored by people, and we must pay attention to and protect them." Professor Liu Su said that he had been to Changsha heavy machinery factory for many times to participate in cultural relics protection seminars. These two industrial plants and staff buildings in the 1950s are now very rare in Changsha

"industrial heritage is also the memory of a city and the wealth of an era." Liu Su said that the former workshop of Changsha electric light company designed by the Chinese architect Mr. liushiying is the first steel roof truss structure workshop in Hunan. It has a strong style of early western modernism. Its demolition is a profound lesson. This kind of industrial heritage has historical significance Average tropical length: 150mm. It is of great value and practical significance. According to foreign experience, it is transformed into an industrial museum or an industrial theme amusement park, which can be fully utilized and protected

12 next page

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI