the next spring of manufacturing industry instruments and meters are the core of industry
in recent years, China's manufacturing industry has had a hard time. After the 2008 financial crisis, the economy of the United States and the European Union, the two major export markets of China, declined sharply, while the development of other new markets is still under control; On the other hand, with the gradual disappearance of the demographic dividend, made in China has become "expensive", and enterprises have moved to Southeast Asia and Africa; At the same time, it proposed the new normal of economic development, eliminated excess industries, removed inventory, "both gold and silver mountains, but also green mountains and green waters". As a result of all these changes, China's GDP slowed down, not only fell by 8%, but also broke through 7%, and is currently running at about 6.5%. All this makes manufacturing entrepreneurs shout: industry is difficult to do
disembodied to virtual economy is unsustainable
in the past two to three years, the central bank has "released water", with loose liquidity, prying the enlarged leverage, and fanatical funds have rushed into the housing market and stock market. The real estate in tier one or two cities has risen repeatedly. After a round of crazy rise, the stock market has ushered in another round of sharp decline, and some highly leveraged financiers have lost their money
the reason behind the investment in real estate that exceeds the nature of self occupation and the speculation in stocks that exceed its value is that someone will always take over at a higher price, and this practice of beating the drum and passing on flowers will certainly produce a huge foam, and will also cause the ups and downs of the market, and the wealth of the people will shrink after the ebb tide. What hurts more is that capital tends to be profitable. The rise of real estate and the stock market makes people who leave the company to set up factories sigh: it's better to fry several Suites after a hard year's work, and automatically guide funds to "lose reality to emptiness", reducing industrial investment, thereby reducing employment
looking back on the previous economic crises and financial storms, they were all built on the foam of high leverage and high debt. They thought that real estate would always rise and stocks would always rise. But at every critical point, everything collapsed in an instant, and people found that everything was a beach castle built on the sea, with no foundation. The tide rushed up and everything disappeared
correct the deviation and move on the right path
it is based on this understanding that when the stock market rose to the peak of 5100 points in 2015, the management shouted: deleveraging and squeezing the foam. In the following year, the most important thing is that the stock market has fallen by nearly half; After the National Day holiday in 2016, all localities have also "braked" the rising property market. At the central economic work conference held from December 14 to 16, the 2017 economic work priorities were deployed, and it was officially proposed that "houses are for living, not for speculation"
the core of the new spirit of the central economic work conference is to get rid of emptiness and turn to reality. Industry is the foundation of a country's economy and must strengthen the foundation with industry; Take the Industrial Road, create industry 4.0, expand employment and stimulate economic development. After all, China has a large population base, which cannot be achieved by finance and real estate alone. The well-being of the Chinese people must be based on industry
Purell rp320m, which is used for casting film and injection molding, has good mechanical properties, optical properties, excellent homogeneity and sealing performance, which seems to let us see the way ahead
an economic power must first be a manufacturing power
there are many difficulties. Made in China is no longer cheap
working together, manufacturing ushers in the next spring
the upgrading of manufacturing must first take instrumentation as the core
in fact, after the 2008 financial crisis, the Obama administration of the United States, after reflection, also proposed to let manufacturing go home and revitalize the U.S. economy by industry; Trump, who is now president-elect, has further proposed to leave industrial opportunities in the United States and impose "punitive" heavy taxes on US funded enterprises that produce overseas and sell home. Similarly, Germany, the economic "locomotive" of Europe, has always been supported by an advanced manufacturing industry system. In Asia, Japan also sells its exquisite industrial products to the world
therefore, to become an economic power, China should become a manufacturing power. Today, the proportion of China factor in the world is getting heavier and heavier, and China "buys what rises"; Just think, with such a huge population base, if you rely on imports, you can buy out the goods of the world
however, as mentioned above, this manufacturing industry is not another manufacturing industry. With the disappearance of China's demographic dividend and the competition between Southeast Asia and Africa, it is impossible for China to become the "world factory" (i.e. the kingdom of OEM) as it was in the 1980s and 1990s. Industry must be upgraded to turn "made in China" into "made in China"
a while ago, the "Cao Dewang running away" incident, which was hotly discussed by people, made Chinese people feel horribly that made in China may be "more expensive" than made in the United States. Caodewang analyzed that China's natural gas, oil, electricity, tolls, land rent, etc. are more expensive than the United States, but the more expensive is the tax burden. The comprehensive tax burden of China's manufacturing industry is 35% higher than that of the United States. According to the current profit level of general enterprises in China, about half of the operating profits have been taken away, and the profits of manufacturing industry are very meager, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises
moreover, the "Cao Dewang running away" incident is not a case. Li Weiguang, a professor at Tianjin University of Finance and economics and a famous financial scholar, spent half a year investigating four cities and investigated the tax burden of China's private enterprises. He found that the actual tax burden rate of enterprises is about 40%, while the profit rate of most enterprises is less than 10%. Many enterprises are overwhelmed and close down, thus putting forward the idea of "death tax rate"
Li Weiguang said that China's macro tax burden rate increased from 16.5% in 1995 to nearly 37% in 2015. Under the heavy tax, the enthusiasm of private investment has decreased from 27% five years ago to 2.86% now, and there has been a "broken end" decline, reflecting the plight of private enterprises under the high tax system, which is a real reason for China's current economic downturn
for this reason, the central economic conference held in mid December last year still listed the in-depth promotion of "three deletions, one reduction and one subsidy" as the first key economic task in 2017, in which "one reduction" refers to cost reduction, requiring greater efforts to reduce taxes, fees and factor costs
and the third is to strive to revitalize the real economy. Focus on improving quality and core competitiveness, adhere to innovation driven development, carry forward the "craftsman spirit", strengthen brand building, cultivate more "century old stores", and pay attention to comprehensively transforming and upgrading traditional industries with new technologies and new business forms. Create conditions in market access, factor allocation, etc., so that small, medium-sized and micro enterprises can better participate in fair market competition
emphasize the spirit of craftsmanship, and manufacturing is the lifeblood of national development; Only with good manufacturing can China have a better future. At the same time, it is also pointed out that the protection of property rights of various ownership organizations and natural persons should be strengthened. We must always correct mistakes and identify and correct a number of wrong and unjust cases that infringe on the property rights of enterprises. Protect entrepreneurship and support entrepreneurs to concentrate on innovation and entrepreneurship
these guiding spirits are also reflected in the words and deeds of leaders. On December 23 last year, Li Keqiang gave instructions on the work site meeting of promoting "made in China 2025" and the fourth meeting of the leading group for the construction of a national manufacturing power: China is still in the process of industrialization, must not lose its manufacturing industry, must drive the innovation and upgrading of traditional manufacturing industry through the new economy, must implement "made in China 2025", and accelerate the transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power. Internet + mass entrepreneurship and innovation + made in China 2025, combined with industrial innovation, will give birth to a "new industrial revolution"
and "made in China 2025" requires not only technological innovation such as intelligent manufacturing, but also a "quality revolution" across all industries; He encouraged workers to carry forward the "craftsman spirit", promote made in China to improve quality and produce high-quality products, and promote the overall upgrading of made in China. In addition, it is also emphasized that one of the core objectives of the current central government's many policies and measures is to help the real economy, from deepening the reform of "deregulation and service" to reduce the institutional transaction costs of enterprises, to promoting tax clearance and fee reduction to effectively reduce the burden on real enterprises, and then to encouraging innovation and entrepreneurship and promoting entrepreneurship
he finally said, "industrial manufacturing is an important pillar of the national economy and a 'national priority' to achieve development and upgrading." the goal of Nanjing Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. is to take intelligent manufacturing as the guide "; we should vigorously implement 'made in China 2025' to improve the competitiveness of the real economy."
the direction is clear, and the road ahead is rough. It is believed that China's manufacturing industry will usher in the next spring with the consensus of the whole country and the promotion of a number of joint efforts
any great leap of mankind is driven by the great innovation and fundamental change of tools. Instruments are an important "tool" of manufacturing industry, a "multiplier" of industrial production, and an important premise and fundamental guarantee of intelligent manufacturing. With the upgrading of industry, instruments and meters are bound to be upgraded. It goes without saying that the instrumentation industry will also play a very important role in the next round of manufacturing spring. Mr. Qian Xuesen, a famous scientist, pointed out that the key technology of the new technological revolution is information technology, which consists of measurement technology, computer technology and communication technology. Measurement technology is the key and foundation. It is estimated that the instrumentation industry accounts for only 6% of the total industrial output value, but it can support 60% of the industrial output value
at the same time, instruments are the product of manufacturing upgrading and intelligent manufacturing. With the development trend of "digitalization, intellectualization and miniaturization" of modern instruments and meters, such as the improvement of current microelectronics skills, instruments and meters products are further integrated with micro processor and PC skills, and the digitalization and intellectualization of instruments and meters have been improved from time to time. It is also the product of scientific progress and intelligent manufacturing, and it is one of the high-precision industries. Therefore, the upgrading of China's manufacturing industry must first be based on instruments
we can also see good signs from the data: with the price reduction of upstream raw materials and the upgrading and transformation of industrial automation, China's instrument industry reversed the decline in the same period last year, and the profit of the whole industry soared by 11.1% last month