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The development environment of China's manufacturing industry is continuously optimized

after 40 years of reform and opening up, China's manufacturing industry has grown from small to large, from weak to strong, and created many brilliant achievements. In this process, the internal and external environment of manufacturing development has also undergone major changes. In order to understand the current situation and existing problems of the manufacturing development environment and find countermeasures to optimize the manufacturing development environment under open conditions, from the end of 2018 to the first half of this year, more than 20 Chinese economic times went deep into Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Anhui, Shaanxi and Shanxi provinces, from market access, financial support, tax burden, scientific and technological innovation, talent development, regional opening, and energy Logistics cost and other dimensions have been extensively investigated. Through field research and the analysis of nearly 500 enterprise questionnaires, the China economic times found that at present, from many aspects, the development environment of China's manufacturing industry is in a state of continuous optimization, which has laid a good foundation for the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry. Affected by the changes of internal and external environment, the development of China's manufacturing industry presents three trends: outward migration, inward migration and digital transformation. However, in the long run, China's manufacturing industry is an opportunity for new green building materials enterprises. The development of the industry is still constrained by insufficient accumulation of core technology, insufficient talents of all kinds, and higher enterprise tax burden, environmental protection, and financing costs

the development environment of China's manufacturing industry continues to be optimized, and highlights frequently appear

China economic times found through an investigation of eight provinces and cities that in order to promote the manufacturing industry from large to strong and take a high-quality development path, all regions have issued a series of policies and measures to optimize the business environment, and highlights frequently appear

overweight supports innovative development. The survey found that in recent years, the relevant policies of eight provinces and cities to promote manufacturing innovation have appeared frequently, the financial support for manufacturing innovation has increased year by year, and the willingness of enterprises to innovate and transform has been continuously strengthened. For example, the financial departments of Fujian Province and cities outside Xiamen and Industrial Bank jointly initiated the establishment of Fujian enterprise technological transformation investment fund to provide investment and financing services for advanced manufacturing enterprises in the province through equity, creditor's rights and other means. By the end of last year, 8.035 billion yuan had been invested, driving a cumulative investment of more than 66 billion yuan in technological transformation of the manufacturing industry, and the scale-up of financial leveraging social investment exceeded 1:33. Jiangsu, Shanghai and other places promote the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry through technology, product, business model innovation and other means; While promoting the vigorous development of strategic emerging industries, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Anhui and other places pay attention to the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries with new technologies and new formats, accelerate the transformation of manufacturing industry to high-end, brand and green, and improve overall efficiency and comprehensive competitiveness

attract talents in multiple dimensions. The eight provinces and cities surveyed have successively introduced a number of talent attraction policies, focusing on housing, settlement, medical treatment, education and other aspects. Xi'an proposed zero threshold for college students to settle down; Foshan strives to do a good job in supporting education, medical care and other life, so as to reduce the worries of talents behind; Suzhou offers high prices to high-tech talents to build a research and development and industrialization platform; Since 2016, Shenzhen has successively issued and implemented 81 new talent policies, ten talent projects and talent work regulations, which constitute four beams and eight pillars of the talent policy

deepen the reform of decentralization, management and service. In terms of market access, many provinces surveyed, such as Zhejiang and Jiangsu, have deepened the reform at most once across the province, especially pay close attention to the precise service of investment projects, further reduce the approval items and approval links, accelerate the upgrading of the approval and supervision platform, and promote the approval of general enterprise investment projects at most once before they start. Taking Ningbo as an example, the local government has explored and implemented the standard land system to promote the approval of general enterprise investment projects to run at most once for up to 100 days. We will strengthen efficient business registration services, further simplify procedures, optimize processes, reduce the number of licenses, lower the threshold for access, comprehensively implement reforms such as the joint handling of multiple licenses, and achieve the completion of the normalization of enterprise start-up (from acceptance to receipt of tax invoices) within three working days

strengthen tax reduction and fee reduction. In recent years, a series of tax reduction and fee reduction policies, such as deepening the reform of value-added tax, the inclusive tax reduction policy for small and micro enterprises, and the reform of personal income tax, have been solidly implemented throughout the survey. The tax burden of manufacturing enterprises has been significantly reduced, and the dividends of tax reform are gradually being transformed into development momentum to optimize the economic structure and expand effective demand. For example, in 2018, the manufacturing tax cut in Guangdong (excluding Shenzhen) was 10.6 billion yuan, effectively reducing the cost of manufacturing production and operation that has been borne by the premier for 11 years, and boosting the confidence in the development of the real economy. In an interview with the China economic times, the person in charge of Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Ltd. predicted that after the implementation of the large-scale tax reduction policy in 2019, especially the tax reduction policy for the manufacturing industry, the whole group would reduce taxes by more than 2billion yuan

strengthen financial support. According to the questionnaire survey conducted by China economic times, nearly 60% of the surveyed enterprises hope to implement more accurate financial support policies for the manufacturing industry and promote the benign interaction between manufacturing policies and financial services. The measures taken by eight provinces and cities in this regard are also commendable: Zhejiang encourages financial institutions to expand the scale of credit for the manufacturing industry, and gives play to the role of Finance in promoting the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure; Jiangsu vigorously develops financial services that are directly integrated with industry, such as industrial chain finance and financial leasing; Fujian actively develops financing varieties such as venture capital and private equity funds, explores service modes such as equity pledge loans and investment loan linkage, and provides long-term and stable financial support for the innovative development of the manufacturing industry

the development of China's manufacturing industry shows three major trends: outward migration, inward migration and digital transformation

the China economic times found that under the open conditions, the internal and external environment of China's manufacturing industry development has undergone major changes. Affected by this, the current manufacturing industry development shows three major trends

emigration trend. Affected by factors such as rising labor costs and stricter environmental protection requirements in China, many middle and low-end manufacturing enterprises in eastern coastal areas such as Guangdong, Fujian and Zhejiang choose to move to Southeast Asia and South Asia, where costs are relatively low. Some high-end manufacturing enterprises have begun to consider investing in developed countries due to factors such as the U.S. economic recovery, tax cuts and Sino-U.S. economic and trade frictions, which is a new trend worthy of attention

inward shift trend. China Economic Times survey found that the central and western regions of China to undertake international and eastern developed areas of industrial transfer, that is, the trend of inward migration is obvious. Equal height docking and common development are becoming the consensus of Anhui and other places to undertake industrial transfer, and Hefei, Wuhu and other cities have issued supporting policies. Taking Anhui as an example, in order to support the demonstration zone of undertaking industrial transfer in Wanjiang City belt, the only economic zone with the theme of industrial transfer in China, the "Regulations of Anhui Province on promoting the development of demonstration zones of undertaking industrial transfer in Wanjiang City Belt" was issued as early as 2011. At the same time, we should focus on eliminating the waste of coke panel display, integrated circuits, new energy vehicles, industrial robots, intelligent household appliances, intelligent voice and other advantageous fields, jointly build a national industrial and technological innovation alliance, actively undertake the industrial transfer of manufacturing industry in Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, and build an advanced manufacturing base with international influence

digital transformation trend. With the surge of the new generation of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform, more and more places take the digital transformation of manufacturing industry as an important way to promote economic growth. The governments of Guangdong, Shanghai, Fujian, Zhejiang and other places have successively introduced measures to promote the digital transformation of manufacturing industry, so as to promote the high-quality development of China's manufacturing industry. Among them, Guangdong Province issued a plan in 2018, proposing that by 2020, the scale of Guangdong's artificial intelligence core industry will exceed 50billion yuan, driving the scale of related industries to exceed 300billion yuan

technology, talent, cost and other factors restrict the continuous optimization of China's manufacturing environment

although the eight provinces and cities surveyed this time have successively launched a series of measures to optimize the manufacturing development environment, the China economic times found that in the long run, under the open conditions, there are still many factors restricting the optimization of China's manufacturing development environment, especially the following aspects

insufficient accumulation of core technology. On the one hand, China's manufacturing industry started late, with weak foundation, lack of funds and talents, and some core technologies that are stuck are difficult to make breakthroughs in the short term. On the other hand, some enterprises have neglected technology research and development and technological innovation for a long time, leading to the backwardness of core technology. The China economic times learned during the interview that many state-owned enterprises in the surveyed provinces have insufficient R & D investment, insufficient innovation spirit and weak sensitivity to new technologies due to state-owned assets assessment, tenure system and complex decision-making procedures. Private enterprises in the eastern, central and western provinces surveyed also generally suffer from serious lack of scientific research funds, insufficient innovation spirit and weak innovation momentum

lack of talents. Talent is the key to the development of manufacturing industry to high quality. Many enterprises reported to the China economic times that at present, China's manufacturing industry is facing the prominent problem of lack of high-level innovative talents. The questionnaire survey shows that nearly 40% of the enterprises surveyed believe that the main factor affecting the further opening and optimization of China's manufacturing industry is the lack of high-tech talents. According to the field interview and research, not only can high-end talents not be recruited and retained in many places, but also front-line workers are becoming more and more difficult to recruit. The lack of talents has become a common problem faced by manufacturing enterprises

the tax burden, environmental protection, financing and other costs remain high, and the burden of enterprises is heavy. The questionnaire survey and field survey conducted by the China economic times show that the heavy tax burden, the lack of fairness in financial support for the manufacturing industry, and the rise in resources, energy, environment and logistics costs have become the main factors affecting the further opening and optimization of China's manufacturing industry

many enterprises interviewed said that although the state and governments at all levels have issued a series of policies on tax reduction and fee reduction, and the overall effect is good, many enterprises in the survey area still have a weak sense of gain from tax reduction and fee reduction. On the one hand, they believe that the intensity of tax reduction and fee reduction can be further increased. On the other hand, some other developed countries and regions have obvious benchmarking cost advantages over China. These enterprises reflect that the state We should make more accurate and effective measures to reduce taxes and fees

in addition to the tax burden, enterprises also reported that in some places, due to inconsistent environmental protection standards, local enterprises made repeated investments and increased costs; At the same time, under the background of domestic financial deleveraging, the financing difficulty of private manufacturing enterprises has increased, and the phenomenon of difficult and expensive financing still exists

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